The President and the Minister or Director of Department concerned, in each particular case, constitute the government. No act of the President, except the appointment and removal of Ministers and directors of administrative departments and those issued in his capacity as Head of State and supreme administrative authority, will have value or any force until it is signed and announced by the Minister of the Department concerned or by the Director of the Administrative Department concerned, who, for the same reason, be held accountable. The governors and mayors, as well as the Superintendency, public and industrial or commercial enterprises of the State, are part of the Executive Branch. ARTICLE 116. The Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, the State Council, the Supreme Judicial Council, the Attorney General's Office, Courts and Judges, administer Justice.
So does the military justice system. Congress shall exercise certain judicial functions. Exceptionally, the law may assign precise matters judicial function in certain administrative authorities. However not be allowed to forward the case file or prosecute crimes. The individuals may be temporarily invested the role of justice in the condition of juries in professional cases, conciliators or arbitrators of the parties authorized to utter failure at law or in equity, in the manner prescribed by law. (Amended by Legislative Act No. 3 of 2002) Article 117. The Public Ministry and the Comptroller General of the Republic are the supervisory bodies. ARTICLE 118. The Attorney General shall be exercised by the Attorney General's Office, the Ombudsman, by the procurators and the public prosecutor, to the jurisdictional authorities, by municipal representatives and other officials specified by law.
Abstracts of Interest: Playing as a model of the electoral process, man is not what is not so serious as to the game. Seething passion, mobilized forces sought honest and not very honest means. Watching the latest (2003) election, I could not escape the feeling that the whole country joined in an exciting game with huge stakes in their research work, I tried to find out the effect on the voters' choice of campaigning. The legal framework of the electoral process in Russia took shape by 2002. The electoral legislation of modern Russia is obviously imperfect and vulnerable to criticism. But it is also clear that it is built on the greatest democratic principle – 'What is not forbidden – is allowed! " Analysis contained in the material allows a whole, make the following conclusion: The media play an essential role in election campaigning, because influence formation of public opinion and.
often the only source (at least basic) information on the elections. For even more opinions, read materials from Sen. Sherrod Brown. The actual practice of electioneering is a creative process, and at the same time, to some extent standardized. Studying the real campaign materials, I identified several common techniques and invented their own names: accepting 'promise with no time limits' receiving' well-defined problem – clear decision 'Reception' Impact on emotions ', method' each electorate – his own! ". In this case, we can note an increasing level of demand for 'American' experience in PR-technologies. Unfortunately, in my opinion, the Russian customers using American technology, do not take their conceptual framework. Americans are constantly inspire voters 'Your country needs a voice', 'Governor Douglas Wilder won the election by a margin of less than 3 votes' 'Bad government in a democracy – a government that selected good people, not participating in elections. " In our country, the organizers of the campaign, I think, inspire voters to completely another idea 'He must be chosen. " Democratic form of election has not yet received the democratic content!
The Congress shall enact basic laws which shall be subject to the exercise of legislative activity. By means of these regulations shall be established from Congress and each of the chambers, the rules for preparation, approval and implementation of the budget of revenues and appropriations law and the general development plan, and those concerning the allocation of regulatory powers to local authorities. Organic laws require, for approval, the absolute majority of votes of members of both chambers. ARTICLE 152.
By statutory law, the Congress will regulate the following matters: a) Fundamental rights and duties of individuals and the procedures and remedies for their protection; b) Administration of justice; c) organization and system of political parties and movements a statute of the opposition and electoral functions; d) Institutions and mechanisms for citizen participation. e) States of emergency. f) A system to ensure equal election among the candidates for President of the Republic. TRANSITIONAL CLAUSE. The national government or members of Congress shall submit by March 1, 2005, a bill to develop the literal Statutory f) of Article 152 of the Constitution and also regulates, inter alia, the following subjects: guarantees to the opposition , political participation of public servants, the right to equal access to media that use the electromagnetic spectrum, state-dominated financing of presidential campaigns, right of reply on equitable terms as President of the Republic is a candidate and standards disabilities for candidates for the Presidency of the Republic. The project will message of urgency and may be insistence message if necessary.
If the cameras go into recess during those terms, then the President has the duty to publish the bill approved or objected to within those limits. ARTICLE 167. The bill in full or in part by the Government back to the cameras to second debate. The President could not objecting sanction the project, review, is approved by an absolute majority of the members of both camera. Except for cases in which the bill is challenged as unconstitutional. In such event, if the cameras insist, the project will be to the Constitutional Court that she, within six (6) days, decide on its constitutionality.
The Court’s decision requires the President to enact the law. If declared unconstitutional, the project will be archived. If the Court finds that the project partially unconstitutional, so the camera will indicate which arose to hearing the Minister of the Department, redo and integrate the provisions concerned in terms consistent with the opinion of the Court. Once this procedure, referred to the Court the project for final decision. The President of the Republic can not object on grounds of expediency a bill, where such reasons have not been expressed by some of the cabinet ministers, during the legislative process in question, except where the grounds of inconvenience is submitted after to that process. (Amended by Decree 99 of 2003) Article 168. If the President does not fulfill the duty to punish the laws in accordance with the terms and conditions established by the Constitution, and promulgate the President of Congress.