Introduction Change in social and economical states throughout the world, although has brought prosperity among the individuals of the world, but at a price. It has brought both physical and mental stress. Now people have to work harder and under mental stress. Now, depression is common everywhere in the office, in transport and at home. To relieve the stresses people are trying every type of treatment either drugs or some exercise or some form of psychotherapy in order to work efficiently. What is depression? Depression is basically a pathological change in mood. To be diagnosed as depressed, a physician must have certain well defined symptoms such as early morning awakening, decreased or increased appetite, decreased interest, guilt, etc. continuously for a period of two weeks.
From the biochemical point of view on the neural level is the assumption that there is a lack of adrenaline and nor serotonin in the nerve endings of neurons. The different types of antidepressants modern day antidepressants are classified broadly or inhibitors adrenaline and serotonin inhibitors, selective serotonin re-uptake and use of atypicals. As noted above, the cause of depression is not the lack of adrenaline and serotonin, and therefore, most antidepressants are to serve that purpose for example, some like increase the concentration or adrenaline and serotonin, while selective inhibitors of serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as fluoxetine block the absorption and thus increase the concentration of serotonin. Atypical antidepressants such as mianserin increased release of adrenaline, nor in the nerve endings of neurons causes mood elevation. Extreme forms of depression are associated with suicidal tendencies, and most are treated with therapy electro-convulsive.
Uses and side effects antidepressants used in major depression and is also sometimes used in enuresis in children. Side effects of antidepressants are many, including sedation dry mouth and increased appetite hypertension seizures to name a few, but the most important of these is the dependence of patients on the drugs and the abuse of drugs. Electro-convulsive therapy has the side effect of some deterioration in memory so it is only used in extreme cases. Other options and their advantages The other options available in the market are herbal remedies, cognitive therapy, yoga and alternative medicine. Most of these therapies are based on the age old system to disrupt the body chemistry, but also the themes of their symptoms. One of the herbal remedies is St. John’s wort. Therapies such as yoga and psychotherapy are gaining ground as most drugs have their own side effects profile, but these have none. Cognitive therapy aims at altering the thought processes of the person and has beneficial effects not only depression but also in such diverse disorders as panic attacks, bulimia, etc. From the discussion, it is clear that a number of options available and what is best for you will not necessarily be the best therapy for the other and therefore he must be customized for each site generalized.