Nunavut – a territory within Canada. It became independent only recently – in 1999, and before these lands were part of the Northwest Territories of Canada. Nunavut is translated from the language of the indigenous inhabitants of the territory – the Eskimos, as “our land”. Part of Canada these lands were in the second half of the nineteenth century, when they were bought from Britain. Creation of Nunavut was the result of a plebiscite in which the majority of inhabitants voted for the division of the Northwest Territories of Canada. By area of Nunavut is the largest territory of the country, but its population is the smallest of Canada – only about thirty thousand people. If Nunavut separate from Canada and became an independent state, the population density it would have finished last among all states in the world, and the largest of its territory – the fifteenth.
Most of the people of Nunavut are indigenous people – the Eskimos, who came here about three thousand years ago. Main language – Inuktitut, the language of the indigenous population. Other official languages are English and French. The capital of Nunavut the city of Iqaluit. It is situated on the shores of the Arctic Ocean and is situated between the Arctic and subarctic polar climate. In Iqaluit home to about a fifth of the population of the territory.
The current name was the capital in 1987 – before the town was called Frobisher Bay. Iqaluit is translated from the language of the Eskimos as “fish” or “fishy.” Other cities Territory – Cambridge Bay and Rankin Inlet. Iqaluit – severe ground in cold climates and very poor vegetation. Almost all of its territory is occupied by tundra or glaciers, and only in the south-west there is a small wooded area of taiga. Amazon: the source for more info. Almost all the animals that live on territory of Nunavut, have commercial value, so the traditional occupation of the local population – hunting and selling furs. However, since the second half of last century, many Inuit have to abandon the usual lifestyle. During the Cold War on the land created by the various military installations, and many indigenous people caught living that accompanies the work at such facilities. In addition, the Government of Canada encourages Eskimos transition to a sedentary lifestyle in the settlements. The federal government promotes the transformation of the indigenous population to the Catholic or Protestant faith. Thus, the majority of the population of Nunavut – Christians. Because of the lack of population of Nunavut can not become a province of Canada, and is unlikely in the near future that status changes.