The Suburbs

This signals the deficiencies in the system of metropolitan areas and the lack of appropriate technical and political nature, to act effectively in the existing regional planning in order to bring new prospects for development in peri-urban areas, through policies of land use and settlement made in accordance with a set of goals previously agreed with the general population. Come into play once more the problems of accelerated development of large urban centers and obvious phenomena of agglomeration and urban area in metropolitan areas. In this sense, the most recent processes in major Colombian cities have helped to bring in the first pages of the political agenda the problem of the suburbs with all the priorities related to this: the future of agricultural areas, the scourge of squatting, reaching the serious shortcomings in the field of food security. Highlight here a strong concern for the new generation of political and social actors, related to the recovery and preservation of existing heritage in cities and suburbs to the phenomenon of urban sprawl-planned and spontaneously present in the metropolitan areas of major cities in Colombia and led by social, economic and political well-known that lead rural people to migrate to the city by creating and gravitational phenomena around large urban centers. Such concern is society's response to readings obsolete urban phenomenon, and even territorial, all characterized by the totalitarianism of interpretations that do not correspond to geographic and social complexity of the country.

This means that it has neglected the concept of "human geography" as a basic element in planning, since it favors conceptual categories (representing concepts) of the place and the landscape with respect to more elaborate theories such as functionalism or structuralism. The above considerations lead to reflect on the future of metropolitan areas, particularly in peri-urban areas of cities in Colombia, where they are obvious problems that affect many areas traditionally engaged in agriculture: productive spaces are becoming smaller or waste, develop non-agricultural activities tend to restrict the production of the primary sector, with a steady deterioration in this land use over other uses. Surely one can speak of a scenario that is losing its rural character to become a "third area" increasingly urbanized, with strong negative consequences for the people and government of the territory. Besides the problems mentioned above, another factor that blocks the identification of new methods of peri-system planning is the rudimentary system of crop and livestock production, strongly linked to age-old traditions still present in the country. In other words, a kind of sociological problem: for ordinary people (native or immigrant), the conceptualization of a "peri-urban agriculture or proximity" cutting edge is completely new and alien to the modeling of planning which can be identified in agriculture other values different to those clearly linked to productivity. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out the analysis of a specific territorial context, probing the issues of greatest importance for recognition of the characteristics, resources, needs and lines of action for a potential development of agriculture in the main areas close metropolitan areas of Colombia as a new mechanism for the planning of urban neighborhoods.