ESF Years

Brazil presents important studies, as the Europe and the United States, in the area of geopolitics, with prominence, mainly in the seio of the Armed Forces and entailed entities the agencies of planning of national geography. Shiguenoli Miyamoto inside presents a division of the periods of bigger importance of the picture of production of geography Brazilian politics. (1) Years 1920/1930: gnese of the country; (2) Years 1940: world-wide conflict and matureness of geopolitics; (3) Climate of cold war and sprouting of the ESF (up to 1964); (4) Military blow of 64 (security and development); (5) Years 1980/90: redemocratizao/international cooperation. The first period is marked by few authors in the field of the knowledge of geography politics, as Elyseo de Carvalho, Everardo Backheuser, Thin Carlos of Oak, Mrio Travassos and Franscisco de Paula City. All had almost suffered that the same influence under the determinista school, where the presence of Ratzel is visible. Backheuser is considered the first one to give impulse to national geopolitics.

However, Elyseo de Carvalho was surely the first one to reflect the paper of geopolitics as propeller and determinative element in the destinations of the country. Beyond these, Thin by Oak, in 1929, it took important space in the quarrels. In 1930 it also appears Mrio Travassos that presents the antagonisms of the South American continent and if it worries about a possible pro-Argentina disequilibrium. Its analysis projected the country for ampler picture, being later followed for others authors as Golbery of the Couto and Silva. Beyond these, Pablo City, in 1934, specifically approached the geography military of the continent. In the period of World War II, he had a great increment in the production of geopolitical studies. The writings of Houshoffer and the German production in general way had reached its apogee and the remaining portion of the world took knowledge of its existence.