Department Factors

Forest ecology studies the relationship between forest phytocoenosis () and the environment, forests and environment in a broader context. The object of ecology are also certain types of wood and non-plants and other forest organisms. Thus, forest ecology includes both -logic (forest and environment) and autekologicheskie (individual species and environment) aspects. Wood – a natural unity, part of which is and the environment. Therefore, Department of Environment and Forests here is somewhat arbitrary, but it is necessary for the gradual disclosure of forward and backward linkages that determine the vitality of the forest and the nature of the forest environment. In forest ecology can consider two aspects: 1 – the impact of environmental factors on the life of the forest, 2 – ecological importance and influence of the forest on the environment, as well as special education, his usual forest environment. In the second case in question: the the impact of the forest beyond the space occupied by woods ("the" impact of the forest) on the impact on its own environment within which he occupied the space.

Thus, forest ecology examines the role of environment in the life of the forest as a natural unity, part of which is this Wednesday. On the other hand, it examines the environmental changes taking place under the influence of the developing nature of unity, which is the forest. All variety of environmental factors determining the growth conditions of the forest, his life and development, can be reduced to several groups: I. Climatic factors, including radiation, teschyuvoy, water regimes, composition and movement of air, etc. ii. Edaphic and orographic factors (soil, soil, terrain features, slope and exposure of slopes). iii.Bioticheskie factors (animals, plants, microorganisms). iv.

Anthropogenic factors. V. Historical factors. Environmental factors influence both on the forest as a whole and its individual components. In nature, there exists a complex influence of environmental factors, shown in various combinations. Change in one factor implies change the other. For example, a change in altitude, exposure, slope angle causes changes in climate, soil and other factors. Changing the lighting conditions in the forest accompanied by a change and thermal regime. The same amount of rainfall in the northern boreal regions and in some southern steppe regions. However, in the first case it falls in the prevalence of low temperatures, high humidity air and soil, at a reduced evaporation of moisture, in the second – the reverse combination. Hence – the conditions and the possible existence of forest at the same rainfall. In one case, the arborist has to contend with excess moisture, with the threat of waterlogging in the other – to seek means of increasing the moisture control soil salinity, etc. Thus, the forest is under the complex, intertwined influence of various multilateral environmental factors. Formed under the influence of geological, climatic, soil, biotic factors, the forest, in turn, itself influenced by these factors, it creates inherent in a particular environment. Consequently, the forest, affecting the environment changing it, he feels the effects of changes of environment. This environment is increasingly important for humans, not only locally but also in a global context, if you remember about the forest as an essential part of the biosphere. Despite the long-term study of forest interactions with the environment in many countries, science has not solved a lot of forest ecology, which must be one of the important scientific basis for the issue of "Forest and Man."

Russian Sochi

According to the document, 'the use of wildlife by the use of tools and methods that meet international standards for humane trapping of wild animals. " Against the law on hunting were human rights activists, who believe that the adoption of the document would lead to massive destruction of animals and birds, disastrous impact on the ecological system of Russia as a whole. Ministry of Natural Resources plans to raise the fines last week Ministry launched an initiative to increase 10 times the penalties for officials for failure to comply with maximum permissible impact on environment, including water bodies and air. Environmental regulator considers it necessary to penalize officials for 20 thousand rubles for violations in the water sector and 50 thousand rubles for pollution atmosphere and has already sent the relevant amendments to legislation submitted for consideration in the Justice Ministry. According to the Minister of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation Yuri Trutnev, the bill would also allow uniquely identify instances of environmental harm, as well as objectively and fully assess its extent.

Environmentalists and the Public Chamber oppose the general plan of development of Sochi on Monday Russian ecologists have published an open letter urging the Russian government, state corporations 'Olympstroy' administration and city council Sochi refuse to accept the master plan, which in its current form, they view, lead to the destruction of the environment of the resort town and is a provocation against the 2014 Olympics. The danger of this document according to environmentalists, is that it provides for the removal of the Sochi National Park vast areas covering about 8,000 hectares of high ecological value. Another problematic part of the master plan environmentalists called the construction of the Transcaucasian highway, passing through the territory of the Caucasus Reserve. However, the general development plan of the resort city of Sochi, which envisages construction of the National Park, was on Tuesday unanimously approved by deputies of the City Council of Sochi. The Public Chamber of Russia are also dissatisfied with the new master plan of development of Sochi. Deputy Chairman of the Public Chamber (OP) of the Russian Federation on Environmental Policy and the Environment Michael Berulava believes that the general plan should take into account the suggestions of ecologists, public opinion and should not be taken in haste. Photofact week: The most nutritious foods on Earth, experts on the rational and healthy nutrition made a list of the most useful for human health products, regardless of its diet, or country of residence. The twelve most useful products in the world fell into an international rating, which was published in the magazine 'Forbes'. In our photofact we tell what as the products are most useful on Earth

Guangdong Province

Violent floods have occurred in the U.S. and China Floods June 2008 U.S. states east of the Mississippi Delta, in its consequences have surpassed the flood of 1993, which is still considered the worst natural disaster of this kind. The authorities have taken all that was in their power to mitigate the effects of intense rainfall and river flooding. However, the population still continues to leave their homes, throwing part of the acquired property and move to relatives in safer areas of the country. In Iowa, floods killed three people, another 12 people were killed by a tornado this week. Declared a disaster area 83 of the 99 districts in the state. President George W.

Bush, the final European tour, was informed of the consequences of floods in the U.S The head of the White House assured that federal agencies have developed a detailed plan for providing comprehensive assistance to victims of disaster to people. No less than catastrophic floods observed in China. South China's Guangdong province threatens large-scale flooding due to incessant rains, which run from June 7. The Government of Guangdong Province issued an urgent order for carrying out control measures in the provincial towns and to prepare for mass evacuation from the area of possible flooding. Total May-June flood in China suffered 38.5 million people in 20 provinces country. Direct economic losses from the disaster, according to preliminary data, amounted to 3,3 billion dollars. Radiation may be useful for health? Everyone knows that penetrates the human body radiation is dangerous – in high doses it leads to instant death, and prolonged irradiation provokes the development of cancerous tumors.